Operator Scaling via Geodesically Convex Optimization, Invariant Theory and Polynomial Identity Testing

Yuanzhi Li
Princeton University
March 19, 2018

We propose a new second-order method for geodesically convex optimization on the natural hyperbolic metric over positive definite matrices. We apply it to solve the operator scaling problem in time polynomial in the input size and logarithmic in the error. This is an exponential improvement over previous algorithms which were analyzed in the usual Euclidean, “commutative” metric (for which the above problem is not convex).

The Weyl law for algebraic tori

Ian Petrow
ETH Zurich
March 13, 2018

A basic but difficult question in the analytic theory of automorphic forms is: given a reductive group G and a representation r of its L-group, how many automorphic representations of bounded analytic conductor are there? In this talk I will present an answer to this question in the case that G is a torus over a number field.

Abstract Convexity, Weak Epsilon-Nets, and Radon Number

Shay Moran
University of California, San Diego; Member, School of Mathematics
March 13, 2018

Let F be a family of subsets over a domain X that is closed under taking intersections. Such structures are abundant in various fields of mathematics such as topology, algebra, analysis, and more. In this talk we will view these objects through the lens of convexity.
We will focus on an abstraction of the notion of weak epsilon nets:
given a distribution on the domain X and epsilon>0,
a weak epsilon net for F is a set of points that intersects any set in F with measure at least epsilon.

Higher ribbon graphs

David Nadler
University of California, Berkeley
March 12, 2018

Ribbon graphs capture the topology of open Riemann surfaces in an elementary combinatorial form. One can hope this is the first step toward a general theory for open symplectic manifolds such as Stein manifolds. We will discuss progress toward such a higher dimensional theory (joint work with Alvarez-Gavela, Eliashberg, and Starkston), and in particular, what kind of topological spaces might generalize graphs. We will also discuss applications to the calculation of symplectic invariants.