Joint IAS/PU Number Theory

Summation formulae and speculations on period integrals attached to triples of automorphic representations

Jayce Getz
Duke University; Member, School of Mathematics
March 27, 2018

Braverman and Kazhdan have conjectured the existence of summation formulae that are essentially equivalent to the analytic continuation and functional equation of Langlands L-functions in great generality. Motivated by their conjectures and related conjectures of L. Lafforgue, Ngo, and Sakellaridis, Baiying Liu and I have proven a summation formula analogous to the Poisson summation formula for the subscheme cut out of three quadratic spaces $(V_i,Q_i)$ of even dimension by the equation
 
$Q_1(v_1)=Q_2(v_2)=Q_3(v_3)$.
 

The Weyl law for algebraic tori

Ian Petrow
ETH Zurich
March 13, 2018

A basic but difficult question in the analytic theory of automorphic forms is: given a reductive group G and a representation r of its L-group, how many automorphic representations of bounded analytic conductor are there? In this talk I will present an answer to this question in the case that G is a torus over a number field.

Abstract homomorphisms of algebraic groups and applications

Igor Rapinchuk
Michigan State University
February 13, 2018

I will discuss several results on abstract homomorphisms between the groups of rational points of algebraic groups. The main focus will be on a conjecture of Borel and Tits formulated in their landmark 1973 paper.
 
Our results settle this conjecture in several cases; the proofs make use of the notion of an algebraic ring. I will mention several applications to character varieties of finitely generated groups and representations of some non-arithmetic groups.

Automorphy for coherent cohomology of Shimura varieties

Jun Su
Princeton University
December 5, 2017
We consider the coherent cohomology of toroidal compactifications of Shimura varieties with coefficients in the canonical extensions of automorphic vector bundles and show that they can be computed as relative Lie algebra cohomology of automorphic representations. Consequently, any Galois representation attached to these coherent cohomology should be automorphic. Our proof is based on Franke’s work on singular cohomology of locally symmteric spaces and via Faltings’ B-G-G spectral sequence we’ve also strengthened Franke’s result in the Shimura variety case.

Locally symmetric spaces: $p$-adic aspects

Laurent Fargues
Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu
November 30, 2017
$p$-adic period spaces have been introduced by Rapoport and Zink as a generalization of Drinfeld upper half spaces and Lubin-Tate spaces. Those are open subsets of a rigid analytic $p$-adic flag manifold. An approximation of this open subset is the so called weakly admissible locus obtained by removing a profinite set of closed Schubert varieties. I will explain a recent theorem characterizing when the period space coincides with the weakly admissible locus. The proof consists in a thorough study of modifications of G-bundles on the curve.

Shimura curves and new abc bounds

Hector Pasten
Harvard University
November 28, 2017
Existing unconditional progress on the abc conjecture and Szpiro's conjecture is rather limited and coming from essentially only two approaches: The theory of linear forms in $p$-adic logarithms, and bounds for the degree of modular parametrizations of elliptic curves by using congruences of modular forms. In this talk I will discuss a new approach as well as some unconditional results that it yields.

Joint equidistribution of CM points

Ilya Khayutin
Princeton University; Veblen Research Instructor, School of Mathematics
November 21, 2017

A celebrated theorem of Duke states that Picard/Galois orbits of CM points on a complex modular curve equidistribute in the limit when the absolute value of the discriminant goes to infinity. The equidistribution of Picard and Galois orbits of special points in products of modular curves was conjectured by Michel and Venkatesh and as part of the equidistribution strengthening of the André-Oort conjecture. I will explain the proof of a recent theorem making progress towards this conjecture.

On the notion of genus for division algebras and algebraic groups

Andrei Rapinchuk
University of Virginia
November 2, 2017
Let $D$ be a central division algebra of degree $n$ over a field $K$. One defines the genus gen$(D)$ of $D$ as the set of classes $[D']$ in the Brauer group Br$(K)$ where $D'$ is a central division $K$-algebra of degree $n$ having the same isomorphism classes of maximal subfields as $D$. I will review the results on gen$(D)$ obtained in the last several years, in particular the finiteness theorem for gen$(D)$ when $K$ is finitely generated of characteristic not dividing $n$.