analysis math-physics

Billiards and Hodge theory

Simion Filip
Harvard University
April 19, 2017
A polygon with rational angles can be unfolded and glued into a finite genus Riemann surface equipped with a flat metric and some singularities. The moduli space of all such structures carries an action of the group $\mathrm{PSL}(2,\mathbb R)$ and this can be viewed as a renormalization of the billiard flow in the initial polygon. After introducing the basics, I will explain how Hodge theory can give information on the $\mathrm{PSL}(2,\mathbb R)$ dynamics, in particular on the Lyapunov exponents and orbit closures.

Thermodynamical approach to the Markoff-Hurwitz equation

Michael Magee
Yale University
April 19, 2017
I'll first introduce the Markoff-Hurwitz equation and explain how it plays a fundamental role in different areas of mathematics. The main result I'll discuss is a true asymptotic formula for the number of real points in a fixed orbit of the automorphism group of the Markoff-Hurwitz variety with bounded maximal entry. In particular this establishes an asymptotic count for the number of integer solutions to the Markoff-Hurwitz equation of bounded height.

Soliton resolution for energy critical wave and wave map equations

Hao Jia
Member, School of Mathematics
April 12, 2017
It is widely believed that the generic dynamics of nonlinear dispersive equations in the whole space is described by solitary waves and linear dispersions. More precisely, over large times, solutions tend to de-couple into solitary waves plus radiation. It remains an open problem to rigorously establish such a description for most dispersive equations. For energy critical wave equations in the radial case, we have better understanding, using tools such as ``channel of energy inequalities" firstly introduced by Duyckaerts-Kenig-Merle, and monotonicity formulae.

On structure results for intertwining operators

Wilhelm Schlag
University of Chicago
March 29, 2017
The intertwining wave operators are basic objects in the scattering theory of a Hamiltonian given as the sum of a Laplacian with a potential. These Hamiltonians are the classical Schroedinger operators of quantum mechanics. For the three dimensional case we will discuss a new representation of the wave operators as superpositions of reflections and translations. This is joint work with Marius Beceanu, Albany.

Applications of twisted technology

Christoph Thiele
University of California, Los Angeles
March 29, 2017

Recently we proved with Durcik, Kovac, Skreb variational estimates providing sharp quantitative norm convergence results for bilinear ergodic averages with respect to two commuting transformations. The proof uses so called twisted technology developed in recent years for estimating bi-parameter paraproducts. Another application of the technique is to cancellation results for simplex Hilbert transforms.

Singularity formation in incompressible fluids

Tarek Elgindi
Princeton University
February 22, 2017
We discuss the problem of singularity formation for some of the basic equations of incompressible fluid mechanics such as the incompressible Euler equation and the surface quasi-geostrophic (SQG) equation. We begin by going over some of the classical model equations which have been proposed to understand the dynamics of these equations such as the models of Constantin-Lax-Majda and De Gregorio. We then explain our recent proof of singularity formation in De Gregorio's model.

Discrete harmonic analysis and applications to ergodic theory

Mariusz Mirek
University of Bonn; Member, School of Mathematics
February 8, 2017
Given $d, k\in\mathbb N$, let $P_j$ be an integer-valued polynomial of $k$ variables for every $1\le j \le d$. Suppose that $(X, \mathcal{B}, \mu)$ is a $\sigma$-finite measure space with a family of invertible commuting and measure preserving transformations $T_1, T_2,\ldots,T_{d}$ on $X$. For every $N\in\mathbb N$ and $x \in X$ we define the ergodic Radon averaging operators by setting \[ A_N f(x) = \frac{1}{N^{k}}\sum_{m \in [1, N]^k\cap\mathbb Z^k} f\big(T_1^{ P_1(m)}\circ T_2^{ P_2(m)} \circ \ldots \circ T_{d}^{ P_{d}(m)} x\big).

Large coupling asymptotics for the Lyapunov exponent of quasi-periodic Schrödinger operators with analytic potentials

Christoph Marx
Oberlin College
January 25, 2017
In this talk we will quantify the coupling asymptotics for the Lyapunov exponent (LE) of a one-frequency quasi-periodic Schrödinger operator with analytic potential sampling function. By proving an asymptotic formula for the LE valid for all irrational frequencies, our result refines the well-known lower bound by Sorets and Spencer.