Analysis Seminar

Time quasi-periodic gravity water waves in finite depth

Massimiliano Berti
International School for Advanced Studies
November 8, 2017
We prove the existence and the linear stability of Cantor families of small amplitude time quasi-periodic standing water waves solutions, namely periodic and even in the space variable $x$, of a bi-dimensional ocean with finite depth under the action of pure gravity. Such a result holds for all the values of the depth parameter in a set of asymptotically full measure. This is a small divisor problem.

Two-bubble dynamics for the equivariant wave maps equation

Jacek Jendrej
University of Chicago
November 2, 2017
I will consider the energy-critical wave maps equation with values in the sphere in the equivariant case, that is for symmetric initial data. It is known that if the initial data has small energy, then the corresponding solution scatters. Moreover, the initial data of any scattering solution has topological degree 0. I try to answer the following question: what are the non-scattering solutions of topological degree 0 and the least possible energy? I will show how to construct such threshold solutions.

Nematic liquid crystal phase in a system of interacting dimers

Ian Jauslin
Member, School of Mathematics
October 25, 2017
In 1979, O. Heilmann and E.H. Lieb introduced an interacting dimer model with the goal of proving the emergence of a nematic liquid crystal phase in it. In such a phase, dimers spontaneously align, but there is no long range translational order. Heilmann and Lieb proved that dimers do, indeed, align, and conjectured that there is no translational order. I will discuss a recent proof of this conjecture. This is joint work with Elliott H. Lieb.

On the number of nodal domains of toral eigenfunctions

Igor Wigman
King's College, London
April 19, 2016
We study the number of nodal domains of toral Laplace eigenfunctions. Following Nazarov-Sodin's results for random fields and Bourgain's de-randomisation procedure we establish a precise asymptotic result for "generic" eigenfunctions. Our main results in particular imply an optimal lower bound for the number of nodal domains of generic toral eigenfunctions. This work is joint with Jerry Buckley.

Spectral gaps via additive combinatorics

Semyon Dyatlov
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
April 19, 2016
A spectral gap on a noncompact Riemannian manifold is an asymptotic strip free of resonances (poles of the meromorphic continuation of the resolvent of the Laplacian). The existence of such gap implies exponential decay of linear waves, modulo a finite dimensional space; in a related case of Pollicott--Ruelle resonances, a spectral gap gives an exponential remainder in the prime geodesic theorem. We study spectralgaps in the classical setting of convex co-compact hyperbolic surfaces, where the trapped trajectories form a fractal set of dimension $2\delta + 1$.

Quantum Yang-Mills theory in two dimensions: exact versus perturbative

Timothy Nguyen
Michigan State University
April 6, 2016
The conventional perturbative approach and the nonperturbative lattice approach are the two standard yet very distinct formulations of quantum gauge theories. Since in dimension two Yang-Mills theory has a rigorous continuum limit of the lattice formulation, it makes sense to ask whether the two approaches are consistent (i.e., do perturbative computations yield asymptotic expansions for the nonperturbative ones?).