School of Mathematics

Singular moduli for real quadratic fields

Jan Vonk
Oxford University
April 4, 2019

The theory of complex multiplication describes finite abelian extensions of imaginary quadratic number fields using singular moduli, which are special values of modular functions at CM points. I will describe joint work with Henri Darmon in the setting of real quadratic fields, where we construct p-adic analogues of singular moduli through classes of rigid meromorphic cocycles. I will discuss p-adic counterparts for our proposed RM invariants of classical relations between singular moduli and analytic families of Eisenstein series.

Stable hypersurfaces with prescribed mean curvature

Costante Bellettini
Princeton University; Member, School of Mathematics
April 2, 2019

In recent works with N. Wickramasekera we develop a regularity and compactness theory for stable hypersurfaces (technically, integral varifolds) whose generalized mean curvature is prescribed by a (smooth enough) function on the ambient Riemannian manifold. I will describe the relevance of the theory to analytic and geometric problems, and describe some GMT and PDE aspects of the proofs.

A recent perspective on invariant theory

Viswambhara Makam
Member, School of Mathematics
April 1, 2019

Invariant theory is a fundamental subject in mathematics, and is potentially applicable whenever there is symmetry at hand (group actions). In recent years, new problems and conjectures inspired by complexity have come to light. In this talk, I will describe some of these new problems, and discuss some positive and negative results regarding them.

Fooling polytopes

Li-Yang Tan
Stanford University
April 1, 2019

We give a pseudorandom generator that fools $m$-facet polytopes over $\{0,1\}^n$ with seed length $\mathrm{polylog}(m) \cdot \mathrm{log}(n)$. The previous best seed length had superlinear dependence on $m$. An immediate consequence is a deterministic quasipolynomial time algorithm for approximating the number of solutions to any $\{0,1\}$-integer program. Joint work with Ryan O'Donnell and Rocco Servedio.

Coherence and lattices

Matthew Stover
Temple University
March 27, 2019

Abstract: I will survey (in)coherence of lattices in semisimple Lie groups, with a view toward open problems and connections with the geometry of locally symmetric spaces. Particular focus will be placed on rank one lattices, where I will discuss connections with reflection groups,  "algebraic" fibrations of lattices, and analogies with classical low-dimensional topology.

 

Multiplicity One Conjecture in Min-max theory (continued)

Xin Zhou
University of California, Santa Barbara; Member, School of Mathematics
March 27, 2019

I will present a proof with some substantial details of the Multiplicity One Conjecture in Min-max theory, raised by Marques and Neves. It says that in a closed manifold of dimension between 3 and 7 with a bumpy metric, the min-max minimal hypersurfaces associated with the volume spectrum introduced by Gromov, Guth, Marques-Neves are all two-sided and have multiplicity one.

One-relator groups, non-positive immersions and coherence

Henry Wilton
Cambridge University
March 26, 2019

Abstract: There seems to be an analogy between the classes of fundamental groups of compact 3-manifolds and of one-relator groups.  (Indeed, many 3-manifold groups are also one-relator groups.) For instance, Dehn’s Lemma for 3-manifolds (proved by Papakyriakopoulos) can be seen as analogous to Magnus’ Freiheitssatz for one-relator groups.  But the analogy is still very incomplete, and since there are deep results on each side that have no analogue on the other, there is a strong incentive to flesh it out.