School of Mathematics

Near log-convexity of measured heat in (discrete) time and consequences

Mert Saglam
University of Washington
March 11, 2019

We answer a 1982 conjecture of Erd&‌#337;s and Simonovits about the growth of number of $k$-walks in a graph, which incidentally was studied earlier by Blakley and Dixon in 1966. We prove this conjecture in a more general setup than the earlier treatment, furthermore, through a refinement and strengthening of this inequality, we resolve two related open questions in complexity theory: the communication complexity of the $k$-Hamming distance is $\Omega(k \log k)$ and that consequently any property tester for k-linearity requires $\Omega(k \log k)$.

Filling metric spaces

Alexander Nabutovsky
University of Toronto; Member, School of Mathematics
March 8, 2019

Abstract:  Uryson k-width of a metric space X measures how close X is to being k-dimensional. Several years ago Larry Guth proved that if M is a closed n-dimensional manifold, and the volume of each ball of radius 1 in M does not exceed a certain small

constant e(n), then the Uryson (n-1)-width of M is less than 1. This result is a significant generalization of the famous Gromov's inequality relating the volume and the filling radius that plays a central role in systolic geometry.

 

Existence and uniqueness of Green's function to a nonlinear Yamabe problem

Yanyan Li
Rutgers University
March 6, 2019

Abstract: For a given finite subset S of a compact Riemannian manifold (M; g) whose Schouten curvature tensor belongs to a given cone, we establish a necessary and
sufficient condition for the existence and uniqueness of a conformal metric on $M \setminus S$ such that each point of S corresponds to an asymptotically flat end and
that the Schouten tensor of the new conformal metric belongs to the boundary of the given cone.  This is a joint work with Luc Nguyen.

Normalized harmonic map flow

Michael Struwe
ETH Zürich
March 6, 2019

Abstract: Finding non-constant harmonic 3-spheres for a closed target manifold N is a prototype of a super-critical variational problem. In fact, the 
direct method fails, as the infimum of the Dirichlet energy in any homotopy class of maps from the 3-sphere to any closed N is zero; moreover, the 
harmonic map heat flow may blow up in finite time, and even the identity map from the 3-sphere to itself is not stable under this flow.