School of Natural Sciences

Geometric Extremization for Supersymmetric $AdS_3$ and $AdS_2$ Solutions

Jerome Gauntlett
Imperial College London
June 5, 2019

We consider supersymmetric $AdS_3\times Y_7$ solutions of type IIB supergravity dual to N=(0,2) SCFTs in d=2, as well as  $AdS_2\times Y_9$ solutions of D=11 supergravity dual to N=2 supersymmetric quantum mechanics, some of which arise as the near horizon limit of supersymmetric, charged  black hole solutions in $AdS_4$. The geometry underlying these solutions was first identified in 2005-2007. Around that time infinite classes of explicit supergravity solutions were also found but, surprisingly, there was little progress in identifying the dual SCFTs.

Two Important Milestones in the History of the Universe: The Last Scattering Surface, the Black Body Photosphere of the Universe and Distortions of the CMB Spectrum

Rashid Sunyaev
Distinguished Visiting Professor, School of Natural Sciences, IAS; Max-Planck-Institute für Astrophysik; Space Research Institute, Moscow
May 15, 2019

Our Universe is filled with Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) radiation having an almost perfect black body spectrum with a temperature of To=2.7K. The number density of photons in our Universe exceeds the number density of electrons by a factor of more than a billion. In the expanding Universe the temperature at early times was higher than today: Tr = To (1+z), where z is the redshift. 

Globally Consistent Three-family Standard Models in F-theory

Mirjam Cvetic
University of Pennsylvania
April 29, 2019

We present recent advances in constructions of globally consistent 
F-theory compactifications with the exact chiral spectrum of the minimal 
supersymmetric Standard Model. We highlight the first such example and 
then turn to a subsequent systematic exploration of the landscape of 
F-theory three-family Standard Models with a gauge coupling unification. 
Employing algebraic geometry techniques, all global consistency 
conditions of these models can be reduced to a single criterion on the