IAS/PU Joint Astrophysics Colloquium

Kinematics of Circumgalactic Gas

Crystal Martin
University of California, Santa Barbara
November 27, 2018

Most of the baryons associated with galaxy halos reside in the
circumgalactic medium. A significant fraction of the mass is at
temperatures well below the halo virial temperature.  What holds
the cool CGM up?  I will present new measurements of the kinematics
of circumgalactic gas.  The data show that much of the low-ionization
CGM rotates in the same direction as the galactic disk, suggesting
substantial centrifugal support.  Disturbances from galactic winds

New Results in Tests of Gravity with Radio Pulsars

Michael Kramer
Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy
October 23, 2018

We are living in a golden era for testing gravitational physics with precision experiments. This talk will present new results using a variety of tests with radio pulsars. These results will be placed in context of other experiments (including LIGO, EHT etc), and I will demonstrate how pulsars continue to provide unique constraints on gravity and fundamental physics in general, and how they complement other methods.

Proto-Neutron Star Winds: Supernova Diversity, Magnetars, and Heavy Element Nucleosynthesis

Todd Thompson
Ohio State University & Institute for Advanced Study
October 16, 2018

The mechanism of the explosion of massive stars remains uncertain. I will
discuss aspects of the critical condition for explosion, the observed
supernova diversity, and the connection to gamma-ray bursts and
super-luminous supernovae. I will focus on the first few seconds after
explosion, during the "proto-neutron star" cooling epoch, when a wind
driven by neutrino heating emerges from the cooling neutron star into the
overlying massive stellar progenitor, powering the explosion. I will