School of Mathematics

Splitting of Iwasawa Modules and Leopoldt Conjecture

Jean-Pierre Wintenberger
University of Strasbourg
October 20, 2010

Let p be an odd prime number and let F be a totally real field. Let F_cyc be the cyclotomic extension of F generated by the roots of unity of order a power of p . From the maximal abelian extension of F_cyc which is unramified (resp. unramified outside auxiliary primes), we get exact sequences of Iwasawa modules. We will discuss how splitting of these exact sequences are linked to Leopoldt conjecture for F and p . (JW with C. Khare)

Rank Bounds for Design Matrices with Applications to Combinatorial Geometry and Locally Correctable Codes

Zeev Dvir
Institute for Advanced Study
October 19, 2010

A (q,k,t)-design matrix is an m x n matrix whose pattern of zeros/non-zeros satisfies the following design-like condition: each row has at most q non-zeros, each column has at least k non-zeros and the supports of every two columns intersect in at most t rows. We prove that for $m\geq n$, the rank of any $(q,k,t)$-design matrix over a field of characteristic zero (or sufficiently large finite characteristic) is at least $n - (qtn/2k)^2$ .

Using this result we derive the following applications:

Invariants of Graphs, Their Associated Clique Complexes and Right-Angled Coxeter Groups

Michael Davis
The Ohio State University; Member, School of Mathematics
October 19, 2010

Associated to any simplicial graph there is a right-angled Coxeter group. Invariants of the Coxeter group such as its growth series or its weighted L^2 Betti numbers can be computed from the graph's clique complex (i.e., its flag complex).

A Unified Framework for Testing Linear-Invariant Properties

Arnab Bhattacharyya
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
October 18, 2010

In a sequence of recent papers, Sudan and coauthors have investigated the relation between testability of properties of Boolean functions and the invariance of the properties with respect to transformations of the domain. Linear-invariance is arguably the most common such symmetry for natural properties of Boolean functions on the hypercube. Hence, it is an important goal to find necessary and sufficient conditions for testability of linear-invariant properties.

Voting Paradoxes and Combinatorics

Noga Alon
Institute for Advanced Study, Visiting Professor
October 13, 2010

The early work of Condorcet in the eighteenth century, and that of Arrow and others in the twentieth century, revealed the complex and interesting mathematical problems that arise in the theory of social choice. In this lecture, Noga Alon, Visiting Professor in the School of Mathematics, explains how the simple process of voting leads to strikingly counter-intuitive paradoxes, focusing on several recent intriguing examples.