Let p be an odd prime number and let F be a totally real field. Let F_cyc be the cyclotomic extension of F generated by the roots of unity of order a power of p . From the maximal abelian extension of F_cyc which is unramified (resp. unramified outside auxiliary primes), we get exact sequences of Iwasawa modules. We will discuss how splitting of these exact sequences are linked to Leopoldt conjecture for F and p . (JW with C. Khare)
School of Mathematics
we will describe various models of sparse and planar graphs and the associated distributions of eigenvalues (and eigenvalue spacings) which come up. The talk will be light on theorems, and heavy on experimental data.
A (q,k,t)-design matrix is an m x n matrix whose pattern of zeros/non-zeros satisfies the following design-like condition: each row has at most q non-zeros, each column has at least k non-zeros and the supports of every two columns intersect in at most t rows. We prove that for $m\geq n$, the rank of any $(q,k,t)$-design matrix over a field of characteristic zero (or sufficiently large finite characteristic) is at least $n - (qtn/2k)^2$ .
Using this result we derive the following applications:
Associated to any simplicial graph there is a right-angled Coxeter group. Invariants of the Coxeter group such as its growth series or its weighted L^2 Betti numbers can be computed from the graph's clique complex (i.e., its flag complex).
In a sequence of recent papers, Sudan and coauthors have investigated the relation between testability of properties of Boolean functions and the invariance of the properties with respect to transformations of the domain. Linear-invariance is arguably the most common such symmetry for natural properties of Boolean functions on the hypercube. Hence, it is an important goal to find necessary and sufficient conditions for testability of linear-invariant properties.
The early work of Condorcet in the eighteenth century, and that of Arrow and others in the twentieth century, revealed the complex and interesting mathematical problems that arise in the theory of social choice. In this lecture, Noga Alon, Visiting Professor in the School of Mathematics, explains how the simple process of voting leads to strikingly counter-intuitive paradoxes, focusing on several recent intriguing examples.
Finding the longest increasing subsequence (LIS) is a classic algorithmic problem. Simple $O(n log n)$ algorithms, based on dynamic programming, are known for solving this problem exactly on arrays of length $n$.