School of Mathematics

Analytic Geometry Over F_1

Vladimir Berkovich
Weizmann Institute of Science
March 10, 2011

I'll talk on work in progress on algebraic and analytic geometry over the field of one element F_1. This work originates in non-Archimedean analytic geometry as a result of a search for appropriate framework for so called skeletons of analytic spaces and formal schemes, and is related to logarithmic and tropical geometry. I'll explain what analytic spaces over F_1 are, and will describe non-Archimedean and complex analytic spaces which are obtained from them.

Galois Representations Associated to Holomorphic Limits of Discrete Series

Wushi Goldring
Harvard University
March 9, 2011

We attach Galois representations to automorphic representations on unitary groups whose weight (=component at infinity) is a holomorphic limit of discrete series. The main innovation is a new construction of congruences, using the Hasse Invariant, which avoids q-expansions and so is applicable in much greater generality than previous methods. Our result is a natural generalization of the classical Deligne-Serre Theorem on weight one modular forms and work of Taylor on GSp(4).

A Randomized Rounding Approach for Symmetric TSP

Mohit Singh
McGill University
March 7, 2011

We show a (3/2-\epsilon)-approximation algorithm for the graphical traveling salesman problem where the goal is to find a shortest tour in an unweighted graph G. This is a special case of the metric traveling salesman problem when the underlying metric is defined by shortest path distances in G. The result improves on the 3/2-approximation algorithm due to Christofides for the case of graphical TSP.

Self-Avoiding Walk and Branched Polymers

John Imbrie
University of Virginia; Member, School of Mathematics
March 7, 2011

I will introduce two basic problems in random geometry. A self-avoiding walk is a sequence of steps in a d-dimensional lattice with no self-intersections. If branching is allowed, it is called a branched polymer. Using supersymmetry, one can map these problems to more tractable ones in statistical mechanics. In many cases this allows for the determination of exponents governing the relationship between the diameter and the number of steps.

Statistics for Families of Automorphic Representations

Sug-Woo Shin
Institute for Advanced Study
March 3, 2011

Let G be a connected reductive group over Q such that G(R) has discrete series representations. I will report on some statistical results on the Satake parameters (w.r.t. Sato-Tate distributions) and low-lying zeros of L-functions for families of automorphic representations of G(A). This is a joint work with Nicolas Templier.


Does Infinite Cardinal Arithmetic Resemble Number Theory?

Menachem Kojman
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev; Member, School of Mathematics
February 28, 2011

I will survey the development of modern infinite cardinal arithmetic, focusing mainly on S. Shelah's algebraic pcf theory, which was developed in the 1990s to provide upper bounds in infinite cardinal arithmetic and turned out to have applications in other fields.

This modern phase of the theory is marked by absolute theorems and rigid asymptotic structure, in contrast to the era following P. Cohen's discovery of forcing in 1963, during which infinite cardinal arithmetic was almost entirely composed of independence results.