# School of Mathematics

## A probabilistic Takens theorem

## Singularity formation for some incompressible Euler flows

We describe a recent construction of self-similar blow-up solutions of the incompressible Euler equation. A consequence of the construction is that there exist finite-energy $C^{1,a}$ solutions to the Euler equation which develop a singularity in finite time for some range of $a>0$. The approach we follow is to isolate a simple non-linear equation which encodes the leading order dynamics of solutions to the Euler equation in some regimes and then prove that the simple equation has stable self-similar blow-up solutions.

## Singularities in reductions of Shimura varieties

The singularities in the reduction modulo $p$ of the modular

curve $Y_0(p)$ are visualized by the famous picture of two curves

meeting transversally at the supersingular points. It is a fundamental

question to understand the singularities which arise in the reductions

modulo $p$ of integral models of Shimura varieties. For PEL type

Shimura varieties with parahoric level structure at $p$, this question

has been studied since the 1990's. Due to the recent construction of

## Infinite solutions of the singular Yamabe problem in spheres via Teichmüller theory

I will discuss a proof of the existence of infinitely many solutions for the singular Yamabe problem in spheres using bifurcation theory and the spectral theory of hyperbolic surfaces.

## Chow motives, L-functions, and powers of algebraic Hecke characters

The Langlands and Fontaine–Mazur conjectures in number theory describe when an automorphic representation f arises geometrically, meaning that there is a smooth projective variety X, or more generally a Chow motive M in the cohomology of X, such that there is an equality of L-functions L(M,s) = L(f,s). We explicitly describe how to produce such a variety X and Chow motive M in the case of powers of certain automorphic representations, called algebraic Hecke characters. This is joint work with J. Lang.