The Story of Trigonometry: Revolutions in the Heavens, and on Earth
In the optimal transport problem, it is well-known that the geometry of the target domain plays a crucial role in the regularity of the optimal transport. In the quadratic cost case, for instance, Caffarelli showed that having a convex target domain is essential in guaranteeing the optimal transport’s continuity. In this talk, we shall explore how, quantitatively, important convexity is in producing continuous optimal transports.
I'll show a graphical user interface I wrote which explores the problem of inscribing rectangles in Jordan loops. The motivation behind this is the notorious Square Peg Conjecture of Toeplitz, from 1911.
I did not manage to solve this problem, but I did get the result that at most 4 points of any Jordan loop are vertices of inscribed rectangles. I will sketch a proof of this result, mostly through visual demos, and also I will explain two other theorems about inscribed rectangles which at least bear a resemblance to theorems in symplectic geometry.
This talk is about qualitative properties of the underlying scheme of Rapoport-Zink formal moduli spaces of p-divisible groups, resp. Shtukas. We single out those cases when the dimension of this underlying scheme is zero, resp. those where the dimension is maximal possible. The model case for the first alternative is the Lubin-Tate moduli space, and the model case for the second alternative is the Drinfeld moduli space. We exhibit a complete list in both cases.
Most people interact with machine learning systems on a daily basis. Such interactions often happen in strategic environments where people have incentives to manipulate the learning algorithms. As machine learning plays a more prominent role in our society, it is important to understand whether existing algorithms are vulnerable to adversarial attacks and, if so, design new algorithms that are robust in these strategic environments.
The first lecture in this series is an introduction to the theory of asymptotic spectra. This theory describes asymptotic behavior of basic objects in mathematics like graphs and tensors. Example applications that we will see are the matrix multiplication problem, the cap set problem, the sunflower problem, the quantum entanglement problem, and the problem of efficient communication over a noisy channel. We will start from scratch.