How does the rank of an elliptic curve grow in towers of number fields?

How does the rank of an elliptic curve grow in towers of number fields? - Florian Sprung

Florian Sprung
Arizona State University
April 18, 2019
On an elliptic curve $y^2=x^3+ax+b$, the points with coordinates $(x,y)$ in a given number field form a finitely generated abelian group. One natural question is how the rank of this group changes when changing the number field.

    For the simplest example with infinitely many number fields, fix a prime $p$. Adjoining to $\mathbf{Q}$ the $p$th, $p^2$th, $p^3$th,... roots of unity produces a tower of number fields \[\mathbf{Q} \subset \mathbf{Q}(\zeta_p)\subset \mathbf{Q}(\zeta_{p^2})\subset .... \] One may guess that the rank should keep growing in this tower ('more numbers mean more solutions'). However, this guess turns out to be incorrect -- the rank is always bounded, as envisioned by the theories of Iwasawa and Mazur in the 1970's.

      The above tower started with $\mathbf{Q}$, but there are analogous towers that start with an imaginary quadratic field instead. Given the above boundedness result, one would now guess that the rank is bounded in these towers, too. Surprisingly, this is not the case -- there are scenarios both for bounded and unbounded rank. So how does the rank grow in those towers in general? We initiate an answer to this question in this talk. This is joint work with Antonio Lei.