## Local aspects of Venkatesh's thesis.

The thesis of Akshay Venkatesh obtains a ``Beyond Endoscopy'' proof of stable functorial transfer from tori to ${\rm SL}(2)$, by means of the Kuznetsov formula. In this talk, I will show that there is a local statement that underlies this work; namely, there is a local transfer operator taking orbital measures for the Kuznetsov formula to test measures on the torus. The global comparison of trace formulas is then obtained as a Poisson summation formula for this transfer operator.