I'll show a graphical user interface I wrote which explores the problem of inscribing rectangles in Jordan loops. The motivation behind this is the notorious Square Peg Conjecture of Toeplitz, from 1911.
I did not manage to solve this problem, but I did get the result that at most 4 points of any Jordan loop are vertices of inscribed rectangles. I will sketch a proof of this result, mostly through visual demos, and also I will explain two other theorems about inscribed rectangles which at least bear a resemblance to theorems in symplectic geometry.
In the optimal transport problem, it is well-known that the geometry of the target domain plays a crucial role in the regularity of the optimal transport. In the quadratic cost case, for instance, Caffarelli showed that having a convex target domain is essential in guaranteeing the optimal transport’s continuity. In this talk, we shall explore how, quantitatively, important convexity is in producing continuous optimal transports.
The Story of Trigonometry: Revolutions in the Heavens, and on Earth