## On Zimmer's conjecture

The group $\mathrm{SL}_n(\mathbb Z)$ (when $n > 2$) is very rigid, for example, Margulis proved all its linear representations come from representations of $\mathrm{SL}_n(\mathbb R)$ and are as simple as one can imagine. Zimmer's conjecture states that certain "non-linear" representations ( group actions by diffeomorphisms on a closed manifold) come also from simple algebraic constructions.

## Basic loci of Shimura varieties

In mod-$p$ reductions of modular curves, there is a finite set of supersingular points and its open complement corresponding to ordinary elliptic curves. In the study of mod-$p$ reductions of more general Shimura varieties, there is a "Newton stratification" decomposing the reduction into finitely many locally closed subsets, of which exactly one is closed. This closed set is called the basic locus; it recovers the supersingular locus in the classical case of modular curves.

## Unwinding the amplituhedron

## A time-space lower bound for a large class of learning problems

We prove a general time-space lower bound that applies for a large class of learning problems and shows that for every problem in that class, any learning algorithm requires either a memory of quadratic size or an exponential number of samples. As a special case, this gives a new proof for the time-space lower bound for parity learning [R16].