## Universality and Chaos in Two-Dimensional Classical Ising Spin Glasses

**ANALYSIS/MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS SEMINAR**

David Huse

Princeton University; Member, School of Mathematics

December 17, 2010

**ANALYSIS/MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS SEMINAR**

Andrei Jorza

Institute for Advanced Study

December 16, 2010

To a regular algebraic cuspidal representation of GL(2) over a quadratic imaginary field, whose central character is conjugation invariant, Taylor et al. associated a two dimensional Galois representation which is unramified at l different from p outside a finite set of places. The first half of this talk concerns the crystallinity of the Galois representation at p , under a technical assumption. The second half of the talk is on recent work towards local-global compatibility (on GSp(4) and its implication for GL(2)).

Edward Witten

Institute for Advanced Study

December 15, 2010

Chandrashekar Khare

Institute for Advanced Study

December 15, 2010

Iwasawa developed his theory for class groups in towers of cyclotomic fields partly in analogy with Weil's theory of curves over finite fields. In this talk, we present another such conjectural analogy. It seems intertwined with Leopoldt's conjecture. This talk is related to J-P.Wintenberger's talk here earlier this year.

Larry Guth

University of Toronto; Member, School of Mathematics

December 14, 2010

Erdos conjectured that N points in the plane determine at least c N (log N)^{-1/2} different distances. Building on work of Elekes-Sharir, Nets Katz and I showed that the number of distances is at least c N (log N)^{-1} . (Previous estimates had lower bounds like N^{.86}.)

Paul Seymour

Princeton University

December 13, 2010

A ``tournament'' is a digraph obtained from a complete graph by directing its edges, and ``colouring'' a tournament means partitioning its vertex set into acyclic subsets (``acyclic'' means the subdigraph induced on the subset has no directed cycles). This concept is quite like that for graph-colouring, but different. For instance, there are some tournaments H such that every tournament not containing H as a subdigraph has bounded chromatic number. We call them ``heroes''; for example, all tournaments with at most four vertices are heroes.

Zihua Guo

Institute for Advanced Study

December 13, 2010

We prove that the Cauchy problem for the Benjamin-Ono-Burgers equation is uniformly globally well-posed in H^1 for all "\epsilon\in [0,1]". Moreover, we show that for any T>0 the solution converges in C([0,T]:H^1) to that of Benjamin-Ono equation as "\epsilon --> 0". Our results give a new proof for the global well-posedness of the BO equation in H^1(R) without using gauge transform, which was first obtained by Tao using gauge transform, and also solve the problem about the inviscid limit behavior in H1.

Joe Locke, Lisa Pegher, Bernard Woma, Paul Lansky, and Derek Bermel

December 11, 2010

As a part of the Mallet Madness concerts, percussionists Lisa Pegher, Joe Locke, and Bernard Woma join in conversation with Institute Artist-in-Residence Derek Bermel and composer Paul Lansky

Vladimir Voevodsky

Institute for Advanced Study

December 10, 2010

The correspondence between homotopy types and higher categorical analogs of groupoids which was first conjectured by Alexander Grothendieck naturally leads to a view of mathematics where sets are used to parametrize collections of objects without "internal structure" while collections of objects with "internal structure" are parametrized by more general homotopy types. Univalent Foundations are based on the combination of this view with the discovery that it is possible to directly formalize reasoning about homotopy types using Martin-Lof type theories.

Mira Shamis

Institute for Advanced Study

December 10, 2010

Deift--Simon and Poltoratskii--Remling proved upper bounds on the measure of the absolutely continuous spectrum of Jacobi matrices. Using methods of classical approximation theory, we give a new proof of their results, and generalize them in several ways. First, we prove a sharper inequality taking the distribution of the values of the potential into account. Second, we prove a generalization of a "local" inequality of Deift--Simon to the non-ergodic setting. Based on joint work with Sasha Sodin