I will describe the proof of the following surprising result: the typical billiard paths form the family of the most uniformly distributed curves in the unit square. I will justify this vague claim with a precise statement. As a byproduct, we obtain the counter-intuitive fact that the complexity of the test set is almost irrelevant. The error term is shockingly small, and it does not matter that we test uniformity with a nice set (like a circle or a square), or with an arbitrarily ugly Lebesgue measurable subset of the unit square.
I will discuss the problem of approximating a given positive semidefinite matrix A , written as a sum of outer products $vv^T$ , by a much shorter weighted sum in the same outer products. I will then mention an application to sparsification of finite undirected graphs.
We will explain the equivalences between p-adic Galois representations and various types of $(\varphi,\Gamma)$-modules.