In this second lecture in my series on asymptotic spectra we will focus on one application: the matrix multiplication problem. We will use the asymptotic spectrum of tensors to prove that a very general method (that includes the methods used to obtain the currently best algorithms) cannot give faster matrix multiplication algorithms. Keywords are Shannon entropy, representation theory and moment polytopes, but prior knowledge of these is not assumed.
Several lines of evidence, both theoretical and observational, indicate that additional planets in the outer solar system remain to be discovered. Most recently, attention has been focused on 'Planet Nine',a few Earth mass planet with a moderate inclination at a distance of a few hundred AU (Trujillo & Sheppard 2014, Batygin & Brown 2016, Brown & Batygin 2016). I will review this evidence for the existence of this body and will present a variety of approaches that are being used to find it.