Shape Fluctuations of Growing Droplets and Random Matrix Theory

Herbert Spohn
Technical University, Munich
March 18, 2011

We explain an exact solution of the one-dimensional Kardar-Parisi-Zhang equation with sharp wedge initial data. Physically this solution describes the shape fluctuations of a thin film droplet formed by the stable phase expanding into the unstable phase. In the long time limit our solution converges to the Tracy-Widom distribution of the largest eigenvalue of GUE random matrices.