## A Combinatorial Proof of the Chernoff-Hoeffding Bound, With Applications to Direct-Product Theorems

We give a simple combinatorial proof of the Chernoff-Hoeffding concentration

bound for sums of independent Boolean random variables. Unlike the standard

proofs, our proof does not rely on the method of higher moments, but rather uses

an intuitive counting argument. In addition, this new proof is constructive in the

following sense: if the given random variables fail the concentration bound, then

we can efficiently find a subset of the variables that are statistically dependent.

## Product Rules in Semidefinite Programming

## Edward T. Cone Concert Talk

Jazz journalist Nate Chinen, who writes for the *New York Times*, the *Village Voice*, and *JazzTimes*, is joined by pianists Vijay Iyer and Craig Taborn, along with Institute Artist-in-Residence, for a conversation about improvisational jazz and performance.

## Pseudorandom Generators for Regular Branching Programs

We shall discuss new pseudorandom generators for regular read-once branching programs of small width. A branching program is regular if the in-degree of every vertex in it is (either 0 or) 2. For every width d and length n, the pseudorandom generator uses a seed of length $O((log d + log log n + log(1/p)) log n)$ to produce $n$ bits that cannot be distinguished from a uniformly random string by any regular width $d$ length $n$ read-once branching program, except with probability $p > 0$

## Extremal Problems for Convex Lattice Polytopes

In this survey I will present several extremal problems, and some solutions, concerning convex lattice polytopes.

A typical example is to determine the smallest area that a convex lattice polygon can have if it has exactly n vertices.

## Celestial Mechanics and a Geometry Based on Area

The mathematical problems arising from modern celestial mechanics, which originated with Isaac Newton’s Principia in 1687, have led to many mathematical theories. Poincaré (1854-1912) discovered that a system of several celestial bodies moving under Newton’s gravitational law shows chaotic dynamics. Earlier, Euler (1707–83) and Lagrange (1736–1813) found instances of stable motion; a spacecraft in the gravitational fields of the sun, earth, and the moon provides an interesting system of this kind. Helmut Hofer, Professor in the School of Mathematics, explains how these observations have led to the development of a geometry based on area rather than distance.

## Behavioral Experiments in Strategic Networks

## Computational Complexity and Information Asymmetry in Financial Products

Collateralized Default Obligations (CDOs) and related financial derivatives have been at the center of the last financial crisis and subject of ongoing regulatory overhaul.

## The Audience as Prisoner: Reflections on the Activity of the Object

The basic problem of all pictures is grounded in their bipolar existence. They are created objects, but nonetheless present themselves as physical beings. This paradoxical double-structure is exemplified in the “ME FECIT” of numberless inscriptions. With its “EGO,” the pictorial work declares that it does not consist of artificially shaped dead material, but of a living form. Dramatizing this problem, Leonardo da Vinci created the formula that pictures “imprison” the audience.

In this lecture Horst Bredekamp follows a chain of examples from antiquity, the Middle Ages, early modernity, and the twentieth century in order to question the traditional concept of the relationship between the work of art and the beholder. conceptualizing the theory of picture-act, which tries to develop alternatives to traditional concepts of representation, illustration, and mimesis.