Institute for Advanced Study and Princeton University; Veblen Research Instructor, School of Mathematics
September 10, 2020
A subset D of a finite cyclic group Z/mZ is called a "perfect difference set" if every nonzero element of Z/mZ can be written uniquely as the difference of two elements of D. If such a set exists, then a simple counting argument shows that m=n2+n+1 for some nonnegative integer n. Singer constructed examples of perfect difference sets in Z/(n2+n+1)Z whenever n is a prime power, and it is an old conjecture that these are the only such n for which a perfect difference set exists.
The observation of compact binary mergers by the LIGO/Virgo collaboration marked the dawn of a new era in astronomy. LISA will expand this vision by opening a new observational window at low frequencies. The gravitational radiation emitted by compact binary systems in these two frequency windows encodes important information on their astrophysical formation mechanism. Furthermore, compact objects - whether in isolation or in binaries - are excellent astrophysical laboratories to probe our understanding of high-energy physics and strong-field gravity.
University of Southern California; Member, School of Mathematics
September 9, 2020
This talk will form part of a series of three talks focusing on Broué’s Abelian Defect Group Conjecture, which concerns the modular representation theory of finite groups. We will pay particular attention here to the ‘geometric’ form of the conjecture which concerns finite reductive groups such as GLn(q) and SLn(q). Broué’s conjecture gives a strong structural reason for many numerical coincidences one sees amongst characters and is part of a general ‘local/global phenomena’ that is abundant in the theory.