The Matching Problem in General Graphs is in Quasi-NC

The Matching Problem in General Graphs is in Quasi-NC - Ola Svensson

Ola Svensson
École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne
January 22, 2018

We show that the perfect matching problem in general graphs is in Quasi-NC. That is, we give a deterministic parallel algorithm which runs in polylogarithmic time on quasi-polynomially many processors. The result is obtained by a derandomization of the Isolation Lemma for perfect matchings, which was introduced in the classic paper by Mulmuley, Vazirani and Vazirani to obtain a Randomized NC algorithm.

Our proof extends the framework of Fenner, Gurjar and Thierauf, who proved the analogous result in the special case of bipartite graphs. Compared to that setting, several new ingredients are needed due to the significantly more complex structure of perfect matchings in general graphs. In particular, our proof heavily relies on the laminar structure of the faces of the perfect matching polytope.

This is joint work with Jakub Tarnawski.